Treatment and therapies
You might be prescribed medication or insulin to control or boost insulin levels. Insulin injections are usually required when insulin levels are too low. There are five main types of insulin, and your doctor will explain which one or combination of these is best for you.
Medications for diabetes are usually oral and they are used for Type 2 diabetes to reduce or control hyperglycaemia (excessive blood glucose). These medications include biguanides, sulfonylureas, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, meglitinides and thiazolidinediones. They may work by directly acting on blood glucose levels or by boosting insulin in the blood stream. Your doctor will let you know which medications are best for you.
Please note that if you decide to use any complementary therapies, you should discuss these with your doctor before taking them, as they may affect therapies used to maintain blood sugar levels.
Maintaining a healthful lifestyle
Diet, lifestyle, smoking status and exercise can have a significant and positive impact on diabetes. Your diabetes management program should incorporate ways to improve your diet and increase exercise levels.
Eat low-fat, high-fibre and low-glycaemic foods, and drink sufficient amounts of water throughout the day. Do some exercise every day, whether it’s a brisk walk or a bike ride.
You should consider quitting smoking as it is proven to have a detrimental impact on diabetes complications. Alcohol should be limited, and two standard drinks or less each day may be appropriate.
If you have any doubts about how to maintain a healthful lifestyle, ask your doctor for advice.