Stress and your body


Understanding stress

Stress is a normal response to situations that challenge us. When the body is under stress, it responds by releasing hormones like adrenaline and cortisol into the body. These hormones cause your muscles to tighten, your blood pressure to rise, your breath to quicken, and your senses to sharpen. These changes mean you can react very quickly and focus your attention in the short-term.

‘Good stress’ can help you perform in challenging situations like exams and competitions, but if these stress levels continue for too long, it can have a negative impact on your physical and mental health.

Signs of ‘bad stress’

While some stress can be beneficial for you, it’s important to be able to recognise when the stress starts to impact your quality of life. High levels of stress can have an impact on your mental and physical health. This is particularly true when the stress lasts a long time.

Healthdirect outlines the following symptoms of stress that impact your body, mind and behaviour:

Your body

  • headaches
  • sleep problems
  • tiredness and fatigue
  • high blood pressure
  • changes in sex drive
  • muscle tension

Your mind and behaviour

  • anxiety and worry
  • ·overeating or undereating
  • anger and irritability
  • increase in drinking or drug use
  • mood changes
  • depression and sadness
  • restlessness

Managing stress

If you feel like you’re experiencing stress, there are ways you can try to manage it.

Beyond Blue outline the following ways to reduce stress in your life:

  1. Delay major life changes - if you’re experiencing stress, it’s best to not make any major life changes at this time as these can lead to further stress.
  2. Resolve personal or relationship conflicts - try to communicate openly and honestly to resolve any problems you’re having with the people in your life, you can also try relationship counselling.
  3. Do things you enjoy – It’s important to leave time for the things you enjoy in your life, whether it’s socialising with friends, being creative, or reading or gardening.
  4. Manage your workload – try to avoid working long hours and taking on extra responsibilities.
  5. Be physically active - regular moderate exercise is one of the best ways to manage your stress levels. This should be at least 20 minutes of exercise three times a week.
  6. Remember to relax – breathing, muscle relaxation techniques and meditation can help you manage your stress levels.

As always, it’s also important to eat healthily. A balanced diet can help you manage your energy levels. For more information, read the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating. It’s also important to make sure that you’re getting a good night’s sleep. For help on getting a good rest, read our tips for getting a good night’s sleep.

Understanding your response to stress

We all react to stress differently and it’s important to understand your individual response to stress. It’s a good idea to start tracking your stress levels over time. This way you can begin to notice what types of situations increase you stress and prepare for them in advance.

Common triggers for stress

While everyone is different, there are some situations that cause many people to experience stress. These can include:

  • family or relationship breakdowns
  • job loss
  • money problems
  • health concerns for yourself or someone close to you
  • traumatic events including abuse or accidents
  • caring for a newborn child.

When to get help

If your stress levels are starting to impact your work, home or school life, or if you feel like you can’t manage it alone, it’s time to seek help.

Where to get help

Get help now

If you or someone close to you needs help now, there are phonelines and websites available:

For immediate help in a crisis:

Seeing your GP

If you have concerns about your stress levels, it’s best to see your GP.

When you see your GP, they can:

  • make a mental health assessment
  • prescribe some medications to treat anxiety or depression
  • refer you to a mental health professional
  • refer you to other support services

They can also put you on a mental health plan, and this means Medicare may help pay for up to 10 sessions with a mental health professional. You can learn more about the different types of mental health professionals at Healthdirect Australia.

Online courses and apps

There are some online courses that can help you to manage your stress levels. You could try :

You could also try Reachout Breathe app. It can help you to reduce the physical symptoms of stress and anxiety by slowing down your breathing and heart rate.

More information


All information contained in this article is intended for general information purposes only. The information provided should not be relied upon as medical advice and does not supersede or replace a consultation with a suitably qualified health care professional.

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