There are three main types of diabetes – type 1, type 2 and gestational. While people often confuse the three, they have distinct differences.

Diabetes health

What all types of diabetes have in common is that they cause high levels of glucose in the blood if not appropriately controlled. This is because the body’s pancreas either produces little, no or too much insulin, a hormone which controls blood sugar. In the case of making too much, the body’s cells don’t respond to it well, preventing blood sugar from entering them. There are over 1 million diabetes-related hospitalisations in Australia each year, which accounts for 10% of all total hospitalisations. Diabetes is Australia’s fastest growing chronic condition and one of the biggest challenges confronting our health system.


A nurse testing blood sugar



One Australian develops type 2 diabetes every 5 minutes.


Diabetes contributed in 11% of all deaths in 2017.


One in 17 Australians have diabetes.

1.2 million

The number of hospitalisations associated with diabetes each year.

Source: Diabetes Australia and AIHW